"Rod and Staff's math program is blackandwhite, straightforward, nononsense, traditional mathematics with an emphasis on drill and memorization as well as practical application through word problems. Previously taught concepts are continuously reviewed." —Cathy Duffy
The Mathematics for Christian Living Series is designed with these goals in mind: (1) to emphasize proper Biblical values; (2) to teach useful number facts and skills; (3) to give a balanced emphasis on concepts, computation, and applications; (4) to enable the pupil to do the lessons with a minimum of help from the teacher; and (5) to include reading or reasoning problems that involve a spiritual lesson, a Biblical principle, a challenge, or some usefulness in everyday life.
Number facts and skills are taught by the traditional method. The goal is to prepare the student to be a laborer in the kingdom of God and to the glory of God. Realistic problems from everyday life are employed. Many of the problems are arranged horizontally, which will help the student to develop mental arithmetic skills. The series was written with the belief that it is effective to teach one mathematical operation continuously over a severalweek period (mastery approach) rather than studying one concept today, another tomorrow, and so on and then repeating the cycle (spiral approach).
A strong emphasis is placed on mastery of skills with an endeavor to provide sufficient drill so the average student may accomplish this. Extra practice sheets are included, usually in the form of blackline masters, which may be copied by teachers as needed to give additional drill. Speed drills are provided also, emphasizing accuracy first and then speed.
The lessons for the first two grades are in workbook form. Grades 3 and above are in reusable, hardcoverbook form. The pupil's text is included as part of the teacher's manual.
Note about Algebra:
Because algebra is not introduced until grade 7, in the lower grades the exercises involving mixed operations are provided to give practice with mixed calculations, and should be done in sequential order. The standard algebraic order of operations is introduced along with algebraic expressions in grade 7.
Also, Although grades 7 and 8 introduce some algebraic concepts, and some users have felt that to be sufficient preparation for taking Algebra I, it is not designed as a thorough prealgebra course. Rod and Staff is developing an Algebra course, but it will take several years to prepare.
Mathematics for Christian Living Series 


Grade 1 Beginning Arithmetic 
Grade 2 Working Arithmetic 
Grade 3 Exploring Arithmetic 
Grade 4 Progressing With Arithmetic 
Grade 5 Gaining Skill With Arithmetic 
Grade 6 Understanding Mathematics 
Grade 7 Mastering Mathematics 
Grade 8 Applying Mathematics 
Grades 910 Recordkeeping for Christian Stewardship 

Counting, Numbers, Algebra  Counting to 250 Skipcounting: 2s, 5s, 10s, 25s Cardinal and ordinal numbers Place value to 100s 
Place value to 10,000 Even and odd numbers 
Roman numerals I, V, X 
Place value to 100,000,000s and 100ths Roman numerals L, C Rounding numbers 
Place value to 100,000,000,000s and 1,000ths Roman numerals D, M Prime numbers, factoring 
Roman numerals: bar for thousands Composite numbers Lowest common multiple Greatest common factor Rules of divisibility 
Roman numerals up to the millions Repeating decimals Powers Square root Literal numbers Evaluating number expressions Positive and negative numbers 
Coefficients Monomials and polynomials Binary and duodecimal numeration systems Scientific notation 
Evaluating algebraic expressions Combining like terms 
Processes  Addition and subtraction facts to 10 Single columns with 3 addends Twoplace addition and subtraction 
Addition and subtraction facts to 18 Simple carrying and borrowing Rounding to the nearest ten Before and after 
Carrying and borrowing Multiplication and division facts: 1s9s Terms 
Multiplication facts: 1s12s Division facts: 1s12s Checking Terms 4digit multiplicands and dividends 2digit multipliers Long division 
3digit multipliers 2digit divisors Mental arithmetic 
4digit multipliers 3digit divisors Mental shortcuts Short division Checking by casting out nines 
Order of operations Four processes with signed numbers Solving equations 
Commutative and associative laws Distributive law Multiplying and dividing numbers with exponents Extracting square roots 
Review of math skills, laws, and shortcuts Review of solving equations 
Fractions, Percents, Decimals  Simple fractions 
Fractions Decimal points Parts = whole 
Fractions 
Addition and subtraction of fractions Adding and subtracting decimals Terms of fractions Mixed numbers Reducing and comparing fractions 
Fractions Four processes with decimals Meaning of percent Ratio, proportion 
Multiplying and dividing mixed numbers Multiplying and dividing by decimals Decimal–fraction–percent equivalents Finding percentage, discount, commision Nonterminating decimals 
Finding a number when a fraction of it is known Rates over 100% Increase and decrease Fraction of a percent Percent formulas 
Complex fractions Rates less than 1% Commission formulas 
Review of operations Percent of increase or decrease 
Reading Problems  Simple addition and subtraction 
Addition Subtraction No key words in problems 
Multiplication Division 
Sketches Estimation Steps in solving 2step problems Finding averages 
Distance, rate, time 
Proportions Multistep problems Parallel problems 
Writing equations 
Inverse proportions 
Family records Business records 
Money, Banking  Identifying and counting 
Money 
Money 
Counting change 
Identifying bills by picture 
Simple interest Expense records Comparing unit prices 
Compound interest Profit and loss 
Checking account Savings account Compound interest formula Compound interest table 
Budgeting income and expenses Charge accounts, credit cards Taxes Capital account, asset, liability, debit, credit, markup Cash or charge sales, refunds, accounts receivable Purchase invoices, accounts payable, discounts, due dates Inventory—physical, valuation by weightedaverage method Payroll computation 
Measure  Telling time to half hour Cup, pint, quart Inch Thermometer Dozen Day, week 
Telling time to 5 minutes Minute, hour, month, calendar Gallon, 1/2 dozen Foot, yard, 1/2 inch Ounce, pound Measuring to 1/2 inch 
Fractional parts 
Measuring to 1/8 inch Mile, ton Changing Measures Meter, kilometer, centimeter, millimeter, gram, liter Cubit, span Scale drawings Months 
Measuring to 1/16 inch Acre Celsius temperature Milli, centi, deci, deka, hecto, kilo Handbreadth, fathom, furlong 
English measure Metric units of area MetricEnglish conversion Time zones 
Blueprints CelsiusFahrenheit conversions 
Memorizing metricEnglish equivalents Bible measures 

Geometry  Square Triangle Circle Rectangle 


Radius Diameter Perimeter Area 
Parallelogram, pentagon, hexagon, octagon Points, lines, angles Volume 
Formulas Use of protractor Ray, plane, polygon Area of parallelogram, triangle, circle 
Quadrilateral, heptagon, trapezoid Isosceles and scalene triangles Drawing geometric figures Geometric solids 
Angles Geometric constructions with compass Area of compound figures Surface area and volume of pyramids and spheres Pythagorean rule 
Review of computing area and volume for many geometric shapes 
Graphs, Tables 

Graphs 

Graphs 
Graphs 
Circle graphs Construction of graphs 
Histogram 
Statistics Doubleline graphs Constructing graphs from formulas 
Accounting—balance sheet, journals, ledgers, financial statements 
Click on a course to see an overview and sample lessons.
Beginning Arithmetic is designed to start at the beginning of first grade. The 170 lessons are bound into 2 workbooks of 176 pages each, with 1 tearout sheet for each lesson. First graders can more easily write on one sheet rather than in a thick workbook, and the tearout pages also make checking more convenient.
No unit or chapter divisions are given. Money, measures, place value, fractions, and so forth are taught throughout the year while addition and subtraction facts are being drilled.
The 170 lessons of Grade 2 are bound in four workbooks. Unit 1 reviews addition and subtraction facts through 10, and other skills taught in Grade 1. Unit 2 teaches all the addition and subtraction factions for the 11s, 12s, and 13s, and carrying and borrowing as well. Unit 3 teaches the 14s and 15s, and Unit 4 teaches the 16s, 17s, and 18s. Continuous review is built into the lessons, and simple reading problems are practiced frequently. Speed drills are included in the workbooks. Money, time, and measures are reviewed; pounds and ounces are introduced, along with onedollar bills. Calendars, graphs, and quarterhour and fiveminute time increments are taught.
Exploring Arithmetic has 170 lessons. It reviews addition and subtraction skills from Grades 1 and 2 and teaches multiplication and division facts through table 9 and simple two and threestep multiplication and division. Other concepts drilled are fraction meaning, measure equivalents, money values, and telling time. Mixed computation and Roman numerals are introduced. Continuous review is built into the lessons, and simple reading problems are practiced frequently.
Progressing with Arithmetic has 170 lessons, counting tests, most being two pages long. Lesson concepts are clearly explained to the student. After reviewing the basic facts and teaching the multiplication and division facts 10's12's, this book teaches long division, multiplying by 2digit numbers, and checking in the four processes of computation. Reading problem skills include distanceratetime, 2step problems, using sketches, and identifying missing information.
Gaining Skill with Arithmetic has 170 lessons (counting tests), most being two pages long. Lesson concepts are clearly explained to the student. This book continues to review the basic facts of the four number processes. It reviews twodigit multipliers, the long division process, measures, large numbers, fractions, and decimals. Other important areas of study are the introduction of twodigit divisors, threedigit multipliers, multiplication and division with decimals and fractions, ratios, geometry, square measure, graphs, and scale drawings. Reading problems are exercised regularly.
The 170 lessons in Grade 6 include the reviews and tests. The lessons explain and illustrate new concepts, which are built on concepts taught in the previous grades. Some new concepts taught in Grade 6 include greatest common factor; decimalfractionpercent equivalents; finding discounts, commissions, and interest; conversions between English and metric measures; finding areas of parallelograms, triangles, and circles; using a protractor; and constructing graphs.
There are 170 lessons in Mastering Mathematics.
There are 170 lessons in Applying Mathematics.
Click on a course to see an overview and sample lessons.
This site is operated by Milestone Books. We are an independent vendor of materials by Rod and Staff Publishers of Crockett, KY. The samples on this site are taken from copyrighted materials, and are shown for information purposes only. 