Rod and Staff Science

For covering science concepts in grade 1, see this list of resources.

Evolution is a belief system. Evolutionary ideas preexisted Darwin by several millennia and was alive in the ancient world. Darwin simply popularized it. It was not and is not the result of scientific research. Serious efforts are made to try to prove it scientifically, but it cannot be scientifically proven. Think about it—it is logically and mathematically impossible.

Creation is also a belief system based upon the Biblical record. Scientific facts support the Biblical record. The millions of plants and animals alive today that continue to live and reproduce after their kind speak loudly of a wise and intelligent Creator. The testimony of nature all around us is totally visible to the common man. Rod and Staff presents science in the real world and honors the God who created it. Select any of the grade levels below and view the table of contents and sample lessons to see how Rod and Staff approaches their study of science.


God's World Science Series

  Grade 2
God's Created World
Grade 3
God's Protected World
Grade 4
God's Inspiring World
Grade 5
God's Wonderful World
Grade 6
God's Inhabited World
Grade 7
God's Orderly World
Grade 8
God's Orderly World
Grades 9-10
God's Orderly World

Sun (size, ball of fire, closest star; affects seasons and day and night)

Moon (earth's closest neighbor; reflect sunlight; no air, water, or life; craters; dark side cold; shapes [phases])

Stars (far away, make their own light; different sizes and colors; Big and Little Dippers, Milky Way, North Star, Orion, Seven Sisters)

Revolution of earth around the sun

Seasons caused by tilt of earth

Days per year

Phases of moon


Movement of

Uses of star guides


Light years


Stars: binary, distance, magnitude, number


Solar System: asteroids, comets, meteorites, moon, planets, sun



Astrology, zodiac, ecliptic

Aurora, nova, nebula

Declination, right ascension

Equinox, solstice, sidereal day

God's purpose of the stars

Identifying stars and constellations

Light-year, parallax, retrograde motion, solar eclipse map

Stargazing helps and equipment

Types of galaxies



The four seasons (length of days, temperatures, life)

Weather (clouds, fog, rain, wind, blizzard, tornado, hurricane)

Water (importance; water cycle; vapor, evaporation, drought, rain; flood)

Soil (topsoil, subsoil, bedrock; minerals; loam; organic matter, clay, silt, sand)

Rocks (mountains; quarry, mines, ore; marble, granite; uses)




Summer and winter


Weather: wind, cyclones, hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms



Earthquakes: detecting, faults, tsunamis

Mountains: climate, folded and fault-block, volcano

Oceans: waves, currents

Storms: thunderstorm, tornado, hurricane

Water cycle

Waterfalls, hydroelectricity

Weather patterns: air mass, climate, front, jet stream

Atmosphere: composition, layers

Climate to support life

Nitrogen cycle and water cycle

Oceans: currents, support for life

Oxygen-carbon dioxide cycle

Resources: energy, water, wind

Soil, nutrients, percolation, aquifers

Waterfalls, hydroelectricity


Atmosphere: troposphere, stratosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere

Creation vs. evolution

Earth layers: core, mantle, crust

Environment, balance of life

Resources: mineral, fuel, nonrenewable, renewable

Ocean currents

Smog, acid rain

The Flood, fossils

Topsoil, nutrients
Water cycle

Climate, meteorology, global wind systems, Coriolis effect, pressure ceils, El Niño

Convectional, orographic, and frontal lifting; cloud types; warm, cold, and occluded fronts

Geyser, ocean currents

Relative humidity, dew point

Thunderstorms, hurricanes, tornadoes





Temperature: cold and heat

Conduction, convection


Color, rainbow

Buoyant force, water pressure

6 simple machines

States of matter

Light: shadows, spectrum, reflection, refraction

Concave and convex lenses

Electricity: sources, appliances
Conductors, insulators
Circuits, switches, resistance

Kinetic and potential energy

Measuring work, mechanical advantage, effort

Natural laws

Air and water pressure

Resistance: gravity, inertia, friction, molecular attraction

Simple machines: lever, incline plane, screw, wedge, pulley, wheel and axle

Sound: waves, pitch, volume, resonators, absorbing

Buoyant force, airfoil

Electricity, magnetism

Energy chain: law of conservation of energy, law of thermodynamics

Generating and harnessing energy

Kinetic and potential energy

Renewable and nonrenewable sources of energy



Fluids: water pressure, atmospheric pressure, buoyant force, partial vacuum

Gravity: law of universal gravitation, center of gravity, weight, scales, density of materials

Heat, friction

Sound: wavelength, speed, echo, volume, decibel, resonator, insulator, pitch, music, frequency, chord, noise

Acceleration, momentum, action, reaction, laws of energy

Centrifugal and centripetal force

Temperature, entropy, calories, Btu, radiation, pressure

Insulation, latent and specific heat, expansion, conduction, convection, condensation, sublimation, evaporation

Atom, fission, fusion, neutron, proton, shell, subshell

Energy: atomic, chemical, geothermal, harnessing, light, kinetic, potential, solar, tidal

Electricity, electromagnetism, spectrum, electrolysis, induction, magnetism

Metallurgy, alloy, annealing

Molecular attraction

Principles of light: absorption, interference, polarization, radiation, refraction, reflection

Photoelectric effect

Quantum theory

Speed of light

Work, efficiency, foot-pound, force, friction, mechanical advantage, resistance



Properties of water

Materials with special properties

Properties determine use


Acids and bases, pH scale

Atoms and molecules

Benefits and problems with chemicals

Chemical formulas

Chemical reactions

Elements and compounds

Fire: building, controlling, fuel, kindling temperature

Physical vs. chemical changes

Synthetic materials

Atoms, molecules, compounds

Capillary action

Carbohydrates, photosynthesis


Nitrogen cycle: nitrates, proteins

Oxygen-carbon dioxide cycle

pH scale


Burning, ignition temperature, extinguishing fire

Chemical reaction, catalysts, oxidation

Class A, B, and C fires

Combustible materials

Fuels, hydrocarbons

Oxygen/nitrogen air ratio

Photosynthesis, capillary action

Soil pH

Carbohydrate: cellulose, starch, monosaccharide, disaccharide

Elements, compounds, formulas, symbols, suspensions, solutions, solutes, solvents, alloys

Surfactants, fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins, major and minor minerals, proteins, amino acids, enzymes, hormones

Acids & Bases

Bonds: covalent, ionic, metallic

Chemical formula

Chemical symbol


Elements, electron, isotope

Compound, organic compound


Nitrogen fixation

Oxide, galvanize

Periodic table

pH scale

Reactions (combination, decomposition, replacement), catalyst



Plants (parts; seeds; vegetables; flowers; annuals, perennials)

Trees (parts; broadleaf and evergreen; uses: windbreaks, shade, nesting places, lumber, paper, fruit, nuts, chocolate)

Birds (parts; life cycles; nests; food; instinct, migration)

Kinds of animals (farm, wild, zoo, insects, bees, spiders, frogs, reptiles)

Land animals: reptiles, amphibians, mammals

Plant survival
During flood
During winter

Hibernation, migration

Balance of nature

Zoology: birds, fish, mollusks

Botany: cells, propagation, grafting
Seed-producing plants
Roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds

Alternation of generations

Arachnids: structure, spider webs

Crustacean: structure

Crustacean: structure

Ecology, food chain

Insects: structure, life cycle, collecting and mounting, harmful and helpful

Photosynthesis, fermenting, cell fission

Plants with seeds: algae, mosses, ferns, bacteria, molds, mushrooms, yeast

Balance of life


Food chain: predators, prey, scavengers

Hydroponics vs. soil



Agriculture and living soil

Cell: membrane, chloroplast, nucleus (chromosome, DNA, gene), cytoplasm (mitochondria, tubule, ribosome, Golgi complex, vacuole, granule)

Function vs. structure

God, the source of life

Kingdoms of monera, protista, fungi, plants (moss, fern, conifer, monocot, dicot), and animals (rotifer, sponge, mollusk, worm, arthropod, vertebrate)

Life: characteristics (stimuli, growth, reproduction, death)


Flexor and extensor muscles, fat, melanin, phases of the heart

Lymph, spleen, thymus, tonsil

Neuron, dendrite, axon, synapse, cerebrum and lobes, cerebellum, brainstem, reflex action, senses, interneuron, organism

Pancreas, liver, ileum, jejunum, duodenum, colon, appendix

Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands; pancreas

Platelets; antibodies, antigens


Dominant trait





Law of dominance

Law of segregation





Recessive trait







Immune system

Disease symptoms

White blood cells



Digestive tract

Ear: inner, middle, out


Muscles: diaphragm, skeletal, cardiac, smooth, voluntary vs. involuntary

Nervous system: brain, spinal cord, nerves

Skeletal system: kinds of joints, supportive and protective bones, cartilage and ligaments

Circulatory system: blood vessels, heart, plasma, red corpuscles, white corpuscles

Digestive system: intestines, saliva, stomach, villi

Respiratory system: diaphragm, lungs, nasal passages

Sensory system: nervous system, sense organs, skin

Ear: canal, cochlea, malleus, incus, stapes, Eustachian tube, eardrum, semicircular canals, auditory nerve

Immune system: skin, mucous membrane, tears, coughing, sneezing, stomach acid, white blood cells, antibodies

Voice: larynx, vocal cords, articulators

Systems: circulatory, digestive, endocrine, excretory, integumentary, lymphatic, muscular, respiratory

Consciousness, memory, emotion, REM and non-REM sleep

Nervous system: central, peripheral, autonomic, sympatheci, parasympathetic

Skeletal system: appendicular and axial, joint type, bone repair






4 groups

Deficiency diseases

Vitamins, minerals

Balanced diet

Diseases: germs, immune system, vaccines

Medicine, antiseptics, sanitation

Eye safety

Electrical safety

Antiseptics and sterilization

Chemical safety: antidote, ventilation

Ear care

First aid

Harmful bacteria

Posture and exercise



First aid

Maintaining healthy digestion

Skin care

Acute, chronic, recurrent disease

Doctors diagnosing and treating

Infectious diseases: bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites

Incubation, acute, convalescent

Noninfectious diseases: allergic, degenerative, nutritional, hereditary, and cancerous

Rules of personal hygiene, ear care

Sanitary living: food preservation, pasteurization, water purification, sewage disposal

Sterilization, antiseptics, vaccination, quarantine

Food guide pyramid, deficiency, disease, diet, posture, hygiene, sanitation, exercise, teeth care

First aid (A-B-C-D-E; RICE; CPR; hypothermia; drowning; choking; fainting; shock; body carry; wounds; sprains; strains; fractures; burns [electrical, thermal, chemical], poisoning [internal, respiratory, stings, skin, bites], safety [skin, eye, power equipment, ladder, respiratory, electrical, chemical])

Care of eyes



Seedtime and harvest



Water wheel



Concave and convex lenses

Telescopes, microscopes, sextants

Circuits and safety switches
Batteries, generators
Incandescent lights
Fluorescent lights

Barometer, seismograph, telescope

Chemical test paper

Fire extinguisher

Hydroelectricity, turbines

Pumps: centrifugal, gear, piston

Reducing friction, bearings

Scientific experiment

Simple machines, block-and-tackle

Sounding board

Airplanes, cars, ships, turbines

Communication: amplifier, loudspeaker, microphone, telegraph, telephone

Electricity: circuit breakers, circuits, lamps, magnets, motors, relays, transformers

Engines: four-cycle, jet, steam

Solar cells

Transmission, clutch, brakes, fuel injector, carburetor

Acoustics, megaphone

Altimeter, barometer, hydrometer

Catalytic converter

Doctor's instruments, MRI and CAT scans

Fire extinguisher, lighter-than-air balloon

Modern farming methods, pesticide application

Pendulum, pitch pipe and tuning fork

Pumps and siphons, septic systems

Scales: balance, spring, electronic

Optics (binocular, telecope), planetarium and orrery

Distillation (fractional, destructive), refrigeration (gas, electrical), pressure cooking, heat lamp

Gyroscope, navigation, eclipse forecasting, scales (hurricane, tornado), wind chill and heat index

Thermometer (thermistor, infrared, bimetal, thermocouple, glass)

Weather forecasting, barometer, hygrometer, psychrometer, anemometer, weathervane, weather map, and computer


Computer systems


Welfare of animals

Man a caretaker

Man's abuse of earth
Sin (before the Flood)
Drunkeness (Noah)
Pride (tower of Babel)


Eye care and use

Electrical safety


Accident prevention

Avoiding waste

Diseases prevention

Ecology, pollution

Reducing friction

Balance of nature

Care of the body

Conserving energy sources

Cultivation of soil


God as Creator and Owner

Inhabiting the earth

Renewable and nonrenewable resources

Balance of nature, ecology, conserving energy sources, controlling air pollution

Crop health: seeding, pest control, inspection, nutrition

Fire prevention: common sense, resistant materials

Four R's: reduce, replace, reuse, and recycle

God as Creator and Owner

Christian farm management

Livestock health: housing, cleaning, feeding, nutrition

Protecting, testing, and fertilizing soil

Scientific attitude and method

Exercise, nutrition, food guide, pyramid, diet, temperance

Proper use of the body and the mind, respect to God-ordained laws of nature, teeth care

Safety and prevention, shields on power equipment, speed limits

With chemicals
With electricity
With machinery

Spiritual light

Purchase these books from the
Science Textbooks at Milestone Books

Click on a course to see an overview and sample lessons.

God's Created World consists of 30 lessons bound in a hardcover textbook, with an accompanying workbook containing exercises and an occasional craft project. This course introduces science concepts that will be explored in greater detail in Grade 3, including seasons, vegetables and flowers, domestic vs. wild animals, a sampling of animals of various classes, the sun, moon, and stars, and weather.

God's Protected World is a 216-page hardcover textbook that consists of 39 lessons in 7 units with 4-8 lessons per unit, plus a review lesson for each unit. Many illustrations and photographs help to convey the interesting lessons. Such subjects as water, useful materials, seasons, the heavenly bodies, rainbows, heat and cold, caring for our bodies, different types of animals, machines, and stewardship are introduced on the child's level. Through this study, pupils gain an enjoyment and appreciation of nature and recognize God as the Creator.

Every unit introduction in God's Inspiring World makes reference to the inspiring Book of Job. A number of places in the Bible account of Job's discussion with his friends, the subject of the natural world is mentioned. This discourse is followed by the climax of God Himself asking Job and his friends many questions about the world He created.

God's Wonderful World contains 40 regular lessons and 8 review lessons. All regular lessons also include a short review exercise. A few reviews draw from previous units. God's Marvelous Works, Book 1 is a nature series designed to open both the eye and the mind. Plants and animals surround us, yet often we are unseeing and unthankful.

God's Inhabited World contains 37 lessons, including reviews. It covers the solar system, energy, food chains, electricity and magnetism, body systems and health, and the earth with its support of life. God's Marvelous Works, Book 2, containing 30 lessons, helps students to see the order, design, and harmony that God has created in the delicate relationship of the plants and animals that surround us.

God's Orderly World for grade 7 is a continuation of the general science series, with units covering the topics of life on earth, the earth's resources, sound, fire, gravity, diseases, and agriculture.

God's Orderly World for grade 8 is a continuation of the general science series, covering the topics of astronomy, heat, weather, and several units about the human body.

God's Orderly World for grades 9 and 10 is the completion of the general science series, with units covering the topics of light, work, energy, chemistry, electricity, and some aspects of reproduction.

Click on a course to see an overview and sample lessons.

Purchase these books from the
Science Textbooks at Milestone Books

This site is operated by Milestone Books. We are an independent vendor of materials by Rod and Staff Publishers of Crockett, KY.
The samples on this site are taken from copyrighted materials, and are shown for information purposes only.